unit 4 study guide questions?

1. Automobiles that use more than one source of power are called ______________. (Points: 1)

2. Harnessing this energy, ___________   __________  can only be done currently at a few shorelines on the Earth. (2 words) (Points: 1)

3. Fine sedimentary rock containing kerogen (Points: 1)

Using heat energy derived from the Earth’s interior (boiling water, steam) to drive turbogenerators or to heat buildings directly is referred to as use of ________ energy.
(Points: 1)

5. The clustering of many wind turbines at one location is referred to as a wind (Points: 1)

6. This is a product of decomposing manure and/or sewage sludge and can be used as a fuel. (Points: 1)

7. ________ __________ is a method of coal extraction that uses large pieces of earth-moving equipment to remove huge amounts of soil and rock to expose coal deposits. (two words) (Points: 1)

8. List two alternative fuel sources to Fossil Fuels. (Points: 1)

9. List three categories of energy use. (Points: 1)

10. List two disadvantages of nuclear power. (Points: 1)

11. Describe three energy sources used to power turbines in the generation of electricity. (Points: 1)

12. What was the main fuel used for energy generation during the 1700’s to the mid 1800’s? (Points: 1)

13. _________, _________, and _________ are three examples of fossil fuels. (Points: 1)

14. _____________ Power does not directly contribute to greenhouse gases, is an alternative to fossil fuels, the waste is radioactive. (Points: 1)

15. With 75,000 dams in the United States, only __________ percent of rivers are still free-following. (Points: 1)

16. The development of the steam engine sparked the __________ Revolution. (Points: 1)

17. __________ ___________ is a primary fossil fuel that releases the fewest pollutants when compared to other fossil fuels. (Points: 1)

18. This European country depends on nuclesar energy for apporximately 75% of its electricity generation. _____________ (Points: 1)

19. Which of the following is true of hydroelectric power. (Points: 1)
       Fish migration can be impeded.
       Resevoirs created by dams are usually wamer water.
       Reservoirs created by dams may submerge previously dry ecocsystems.
       Water flows uphill to generate electricity.
       Water flow downstream is inconsistent.

20. Electricity is a ___________ energy source because it relies on a primary energy source such as coal or water power. (Points: 1)

21. Only 30% of the total energy is transferred when ___________ is generated. from burning coal, for example. (Points: 1)

22. The decomposition of animal plant remains over a long period of time results in the formation of __________ ___________. (Points: 1)

23. The initial cost to install a solar hot water system is 5 to 10 times more than gas or electric heaters. (Points: 1)

24. Melting out is the process used to extract __________ from oil sands. (Points: 1)

25. The United States currently produces about 20 percent of its electricity by __________ __________. (Points: 1)

26. Most of the poorer nations of the world rely on ___________ as their major fuel source. (Points: 1)

27. Thirteen oil-producing countries are members of this organization which acts to coordinate their oil production policies in order to help stabilise the oil market. ____________ (Points: 1)

28. ____________ __________ is excess heat discharged into rivers lakes and oceans. (Points: 1)

29. Growing crops for producing this fuel may result in undercutting food production. (Points: 1)

30. Oil Shale is sedimentary rock containing __________. (Points: 1)

31. In 2005, __________ _________ provided 8,900 MW of electricity from heat within the earth. With today’s technology 10 times this amount could be generated and if you consider new technologies as much as 138,000 MW of electricty could be generated each year. (Points: 1)

32. Coal fired plants release 100 times more radioactivity than nuclear power plants due to the natural presence of thorium and uranium in the coal. (Points: 1)


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